Different types of PhD that you may not aware of.What are they?

Types of PhD

Doctor of Philosophy which is known as PhD is of many types. They are awarded according to the status that one acquires in a particular point of life. They types of PhD vary in these ways.

  • University PhD which is done in full-time.
  • Honorary PhD awarded for noteworthy contribution.
  • Distance PhD that can be done in distance mode.
  • Bravery PhD is awarded for a bravery act.
  • Part Time PhD is a regular mode of PhD.
  • How do these types of PhD look like?

  1. University Ph.D. requires you to study in the university for full time
  2. Honorary Ph.D. means, you will get for having served country in a special way.
  3. Life Time Ph.D. is what you acquire by dedicating yourself for a cause.
  4. Distance Ph.D. will be awarded if you study is far from the university
  5. Bravery Ph.D. will be given for doing an act of courage and saving people.
  6. Online Ph.D. is what you do tasks online and submit
  7. Part Time Ph.D. is what you will do for a long time 10 years outside the College
  • Time Invested in different types of PhD

The time invested to earn a doctorate degree can vary depending on the choice of subject area.

As per the choice of subject area for the doctorate degree is concerned, there are numerous paths available to take.

The time of completion depends on various factors, like the design of the program, the institution selected for the program and the choice of subject area.

On an average, a person typically takes four to eight years to obtain a doctorate degree.

Traditional Ph.D. is a well-known and the most common type of Doctorate Degree. But it is not the only one. With the variation in the type of research required, the type of Doctorate also varies. The Degree of Doctorate can be classified into various types depending on various factors, which are equally prestigious. The most common types of doctorates are:

  • A Research-Oriented Doctorate also called as Traditional Ph.D.
  • Professional Doctorates, also called as Professional Ph.D. or Applied Doctorate.
  • Honorary Doctorates, also called as Honorary Ph.D.
  • Higher Doctorates also called as Higher Ph.D.
  • The Traditional PhD type 

The traditional degree of the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). have an academic focus and is awarded after submission of a dissertation, often containing a solution to some real-world problems.

The dissertation or thesis is created based on the knowledge gained through the research conducted during the complete duration of study which proves that the person has a problem-solving ability and an advanced knowledge in the specific area.

Thus, this type of Ph.D. is often termed as a Research Oriented Ph.D. or a Research Oriented Doctorate.

A traditional degree of the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.). is mainly pursued by people either to teach at a university or to continue the research work on that specific field as a scientist.

There are various other Research Oriented Doctorates, other than Traditional Ph.D. but are equivalent to a Traditional Ph.D. Degree.

Some of them are:

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

Doctor of Chemistry type (D.Chem.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Chemistry (D.Chem) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Chemistry and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

  • Doctor of Arts type (D.A.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Arts (D.A) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Arts and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • Doctor of Engineering type (D.Eng./D.E.Sc./D.E.S)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Engineering (D.Eng.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Engineering and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • Doctor of Education type (Ed.D.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Education and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • Doctor of Theology type (Th.D.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Theology (Th.D.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of theology and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • Thy type of Doctor of Public Health (DPH)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Public Health (DPH) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Public Health and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • The type of Doctor of Science (DSc)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Science (DSc) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Science and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • The type of Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Juridical Science and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • The type of Doctor of Environment (D.Env.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Environment (D.Env.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Environment and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • The type of Doctor of Forestry (D.F.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Forestry (D.F.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Forestry and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

 

  • The type of Doctor of Physical Education (D.P.E.)

 The traditional degree of Doctor of Physical Education (D.P.E.) is given to an individual who has completed a doctorate program in the field of Physical Education and successfully submitted the respective dissertation.

  •  

    The type of The Professional Degree of Doctorate

The Professional degree of the doctorate has an application based focus which may or may not require a dissertation and is mainly concerned with the solutions for the real-world issues. These degrees are awarded for advanced knowledge in professional practices which varies from, law, education, to business and engineering and much more. Thus, this type of doctorate or Ph.D. can be termed as an Application Oriented Doctorate and is often called as an Applied Doctorate or Terminal Doctorate.

Though being different in nature, both Traditional Ph.D. and Professional Ph.D. are of equal prestige and are equally tough to earn. A Professional degree of the doctorate is mainly pursued by people for professional advancement in a particular field. Nowadays, there are various options available for pursuing a professional doctorate. Some of them are:

  • The type of Doctor of Computer Science (D.C.Sc.):

The Professional degree of Doctor of Computer Science (D.C.Sc.) is given to an individual who has successfully completed a doctorate program in the discipline of computer science and provided solutions for some real issues related to the field of computer science.

  • The type of Doctor of Health Science (D.H.Sc.):

 The Professional degree of Doctor of Health Science (D.H.Sc.) is given to an individual who has successfully completed a doctorate program in the discipline of health science and provided solutions for some real issues related to the field of health science.

  • The type of Doctor of Management (D.M./D.Mgt):

The Professional degree of Doctor of Management (D.M) is given to an individual who has successfully completed a doctorate program in the discipline of management and provided solutions for some real issues related to the field of management.

  • The type of Doctor of Medicine (M.D.):

The Professional degree of Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) is given to an individual who has successfully completed a doctorate program in the discipline of medicine and provided solutions for some real issues related to the field of medicine.

  • Doctor of Social Work type (DSW):

 The Professional degree of Doctor of Social Work (DSW) is given to an individual who has successfully completed a doctorate program in the discipline of social work and provided solutions for some real issues related to the field of social work.

  • The type of Professional Degree of Doctorate

The Professional Doctorate is mainly pursued by people for professional advancement in a particular field.

  1. The Professional degree of doctorate required for professional registration.

Some fields of study require the Professional degree of doctorate for the registration purpose in a particular profession, which means that without this degree a person will not be considered as a registered professional and thus will be automatically considered to be a fake or illegal professional by law. Some examples of this type of professional doctorates are:

  • Doctor of Psychology (D.Psy/Psy.D)
  • Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
  • Doctor of Health Science (D.H.Sc.)
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery ( D.D.S.)
  • Doctor of Medical Dentistry (D.M.D.)
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.)
  • Doctor of Occupational Therapy (D.O.T.)
  • Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)
  1. The Professional degree of doctorate required as a qualification for professional development.

Some fields of study require the Professional degree of doctorate for professional growth or advancement, which means that it is not necessarily required by students for the registration purpose in their particular profession, but only act as a qualification for their professional development as a leader or a senior in their company, industry or academic field. Some examples of this type of professional doctorates are:

  • Doctor of Computer Science (D.C.Sc.)
  • Doctor of Management (D.M./D.Mgt)
  • Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.)
  • Doctor of Social Work (DSW)
  • Juris Doctor (JD)
  • The Honorary Degree of Doctorate:

 The Honorary degree of the doctorate has a focus on lifetime accomplishment of a person. Unlike the Traditional doctorate degree and the Professional doctorate degree, the Honorary degree of the doctorate is awarded to those who are involved in some generous and altruistic actions throughout their life and worked for the benefit of humanity in some way or the other. These people are considered worthy to be recognized as a doctorate even if they have not pursued any doctoral program in real. Such beneficiaries are entitled as a “Doctor” and are liable to use this title before their name.

  • Types of Honorary Degree of Doctorate:

Other than the honorary degree for Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), nowadays, there are various other doctorate degrees that are given to a person as an honorary degree of doctorate, based on the field of accomplishments of the beneficiary. Some of them are:

Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL):

  •  The honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (DHL) is given to an individual who has accomplished a distinguished recognition or a distinction in the field of academics.
  • Doctor of Laws:

 The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws which includes degrees such as Juris Doctor (JD) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D) is given to an individual who has accomplished a distinguished recognition in the field of law.

  • Doctor of Science (DSc):

The honorary degree of Doctor of Science (DSc) is given to an individual who has accomplished a distinguished recognition in the field of science through revolutionary scientific research and discovery.

  • Doctor of Fine Arts (DFA):

The honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts (DFA) is given to an artist who has accomplished a distinguished recognition in his/her field of art.

  • Doctor of Divinity (DD):

The honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity (DD) is given to an individual who has accomplished a distinguished recognition as an exceptional religious figure and devoted their life for the betterment of society.

  • The Honorary Degree of Doctorate Criteria:

There are universities that confer honorary degrees, in order to formally recognize an individual’s contributions in moving the society forward and thus grant them with a doctoral degree honoris causa which means degree for the sake of honor. However, getting such a great honor is not so easy as the criteria for choosing a person for such a prestige, varies from university to university.

  • Some of the common criteria or rules are:

An individual beneficiary can receive more than one honorary degree of doctorate in different fields or in the same field.

An individual beneficiary can not receive more than one honorary degree of a doctorate from the same school.

The most university accepts the nomination of a recipient by a third party whose vote is worth to be considered.

Some universities accept the individual nomination of the recipients for the degree of an honorary doctorate.

An individual beneficiary need not be an alumnus of the awarding university, however, an alumnus with some accomplishments are preferred for such degrees.

The Honorary degree of the doctorate is awarded to an individual for his/her lifetime achievements and is usually not awarded to a group of individuals with the same accomplishments.

In general, public universities restrict their own faculty members to be a part of such nomination.

The private universities, however, usually allow their own faculty members to be a part of such nomination.

Some universities restrict the nominations above or below a particular age of the individuals.

Some universities strictly ask for the beneficiary’s presence at the time of degree-granting while other universities often award the degree posthumously.

The Higher Degree type of Doctorate:

The Higher degree of the doctorate has a focus on the knowledge of a person. Unlike other Degree of Doctorate, the Higher degree of the doctorate is awarded to those who have substantially contributed towards knowledge in their specific area of expertise.

The Higher degree of the doctorate is awarded after submission of an original and distinguished publication, often containing some advanced researches in the field of expertise.

The publication is a collection of work created by the individual on the basis of the knowledge gained through the several years of researches which have been published in a peer-refereed context. Thus, this type of doctorate or Ph.D. is termed as a Publication Oriented Doctorate and is often called as Doctorate of Publication.

In case the recipient of the Higher degree of doctorate is involved in some generous and altruistic actions throughout his/her life and have worked for the benefit of humanity in some way or the other, then in such case, the recipient of the Higher degree of doctorate is often awarded the Honorary degree of doctorate for their contribution in moving the society forward through their accomplishment of knowledge in their field.

There are various higher degree doctorate programs offered by some recognized universities of the world. Some of these are:

  • Doctor of Divinity (DD):

The higher degree of Doctor of Divinity (DD) is given to an individual who has accomplished distinguished knowledge in the discipline of religion and devotion.

  • Doctor of Laws (LLD):

 The higher degree of Doctor of Laws (LLD) is given to an individual who has accomplished distinguished knowledge in the discipline of law.

  • Doctor of Letters (D.Litt):

The higher degree of Doctor of Letters (D.Litt) is given to an individual who has accomplished distinguished knowledge in the discipline of academics.

  • Doctor of Science (DSc):

The higher degree of Doctor of Science (DSc) is given to an individual who has accomplished distinguished knowledge in the discipline of science.

  • Doctor of Music (DMus):

The higher degree of Doctor of Music (DMus) is given to an individual who has accomplished distinguished knowledge in the discipline of Music.

The Higher Degree type of Doctorate Criteria:

There are universities that confer higher degrees, in order to formally recognize an individual’s contributions to knowledge and thus grant them with a higher doctoral degree. However, earning this degree is not so easy as the criteria for choosing a person for such a prestige, varies from university to university.

Some of the common criteria or rules are:

  • Submitting a copy of an individual’s publication for assessment is the first and the foremost requirement to get a nomination for a higher doctoral degree.
  • The publication can be a collection of original and substantial articles, books, compositions, briefs, chapters, inventions, plays, etc.
  • The submitted publication is completely reviewed by a team of academics consisting of senior faculty members from the university and some external faculty members.
  • Most universities restrict their own faculty members and graduate with a long academic gap to be a part of such nomination.
  • Some universities, however, also allow their own faculty members and graduates with a long academic gap to be a nominee.
  • A Doctorate Degree is an essential requirement for almost every university to select the individual to be a part of such nomination.
  • Some universities often accept twice master degree and also allows such recipients to be a nominee.
  • Most universities often conduct a viva or an oral test, more like an interview with the beneficiary after the submission of the publication and before awarding the higher degree of a doctorate.

Syam Reddy

Hello, My name is Syam, Professor of English and Mentor for Ph.D. students worldwide. I have worked years to give you these amazing tips to complete your Ph.D. successfully. Having put a lot of efforts means to make your Ph.D. journey easier. Thank you for visiting my Ph.D. blog.

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